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       自我照顾:届时的期望    
      当孩子还是一个小宝贝的时候,你会为她做任何事.为她换尿片,吐奶的时候帮她擦脸,饭后帮忙让她打个饱嗝.但是,当她逐渐长大的时候,她会学会自己做很多事情.从自己脱衬衫到自己弄麦片.这是”我想自己做”的年龄.观察你的孩子逐渐独立成长有苦有甜,但学会自己照顾自己,是孩子个人和社会发展的一个重要部分.
      努力的技能:

      脱衣服:当你的孩子可能已经知道如何自己脱衣服的时候,她可能到时会一天换几次衣服(仅仅因为她能够自己做).这非常好.——众所周知2岁大的孩子经常把事情弄的乱七八糟,衣服会布满食物和水彩的印迹.但是,另一方面, 如果你想为孩子换衣服而她拒绝的话,不要坚持已见.这个时候该你降低点期望了.
     捂住喷嚏:小孩子开会学会遵守一些基本的卫生规则。一件比较重要的事是,打喷嚏的时候要用弯起肘来捂住。幼儿园通过教授这种技巧来避免孩子们到处传播细菌以及因为接触而感染细菌。
     刷牙:许多两岁大的孩子坚持刷牙。让你的孩子学会第一步。但记住自己要更加彻底的清洁。确认她只是用一小滴氟化牙膏。她仍习惯于(将牙膏)吞咽一部分而不是全部吐出来,况且太多的氟并没有好处。孩子直到很大甚至六七岁才会学会准确的刷牙。孩子拿着牙刷并在嘴里来回刷是需要很多的协调运作,这样她才能真正的清洁牙齿。但是,让她尽力做她能做的,这让她感觉到成长,让她养成生活中的好习惯。
     学会上厕所:一些孩子在十八到二十四个月大的时候开始发展有关使用厕所训练的一些必要的体力和认知技能,而其他一些孩子直到三或四岁才会准备好。更多的知识,参阅关于入厕训练的三条简易步骤。

努力的技能:

     准备早餐:两岁大的孩子可能还不会自己拿碗装麦片,不会完全靠自己来倒牛奶。你也可能无法来盯着她尝试。但你可以对这些事情进行分工,让她尽量做她能做的。比如,让她从一个低的柜子上取来一个塑料碗,当你冲好麦片后,让她从量杯自己倒牛奶。你也可以放一些健康食品在她可以够得到的地方,让她完全依靠自己来获取,以此来鼓励她的独立自为。她可能会掉一些在地板上,但是,不管怎样,要多为她的努力喝彩。
       能做的事: 

       鼓励很关健。当你的孩子试图学习新的技能时,不管结果如何都要告诉他你为她感到骄傲。并鼓励她继续尝试。不要动不动就参与帮忙,她必须有足够的时间来以自己的步骤掌握技能。也不要在她准备好之前给她压力。同时要注意变通。假如同意她自己准备早餐,那么就意味着你不得不打扫地板上的麦片。学会顺其自然。
      需要密切关注的事项:

      孩子们技能发展是不同的。一些孩子会比其他一些要更快一些。但是,如果你的孩子到两岁时还对自己做事没有兴趣的话,或者她在不会做一些基本事项比如自己用餐具吃饭的话,那么要咨询儿科医生。

     将要面临的:

      学前孩子自我照顾的技能进展非常之快。大多数孩子已经掌握了自我照顾的基本技能——穿衣、洗手,吃饭,到四岁的时候会自己上洗手间(当然未必会擦拭)。随着时间飞逝,孩子会越来越好的满足所需。一眨眼的功夫,几年就过去了。她已经能够自己穿鞋、洗澡。她自己洗衣服和做饭也只是时间的问题了。更不用说提让她去参加足球练习了。到那时候你会期望能把她当成一个婴儿哪怕只是一会儿。但是她拒绝放弃她的自主权。这证明你在教育她自我照顾方面是成功的。

原文:
Self-care: What to expect when

When your child was a baby, you did everything for her. You changed her diapers, wiped her face when she spat up, and burped her after meals. But as she gets older, she'll learn to do more things for herself, from pulling off her shirt to getting her own bowl of cereal. This is the "I want to do it myself" age. Watching your child grow increasingly independent can be bittersweet, but learning to take care of herself is an important part of your child's personal and social development.
Skills she'll work at
Undressing: While your child may already know how to undress herself, around now she's likely to go through several clothing changes a day (just because she can), and that's fine — 2-year-olds are notoriously messy anyway and often end up with their clothes streaked with food or finger paint. On the flip side, though, if your child resists changing her clothes when you want her to, consider giving up. This is the time to relax your expectations a bit.

Catching a sneeze:Your child can start to follow some basic rules of hygiene. An important one: sneezing into her elbow, as opposed to her hand or the air. Preschools teach this technique to keep children from spraying germs everywhere and passing along germs by touch.

Brushing her teeth: Many 2-year-olds insist on brushing their teeth. Let your child make a first pass, but follow up with a more thorough cleaning yourself. And make sure she uses only a pea-size drop of fluoride toothpaste; she's apt to swallow some instead of spitting it all out, and too much fluoride is not a good thing. Your child won't be capable of adequate toothbrushing until much later, possibly not until she's 6 or 7. It takes quite a bit of coordination for a child to hold a toothbrush and maneuver it around her mouth so she's really cleaning in there. But let her do her bit; it makes her feel grown up and gets her into a good habit for life.

Using the toilet: Some children develop the physical and cognitive skills necessary to begin toilet training by around 18 to 24 months, while others aren't ready until age 3 or 4. Your child will let you know when it's time. For more, see Toilet Training in Three Easy Steps.

Preparing breakfast: Your 2-year-old may not be capable of fetching a bowl, filling it with cereal, and pouring on the milk all by herself, and you may not be capable of watching her try. But you can break down these tasks and let her do as much as possible. For example, have her bring you a plastic bowl (from a low cabinet), and after you've poured the cereal, let her pour the milk from a measuring cup. You can also encourage your child's independence by putting healthy snacks within her reach so she can get them on her own. She may drop some on the floor, but applaud her efforts anyway
can do
Encouragement is key. Whenever your child tries her hand at a new skill, tell her you're proud she tried (regardless of the result) and urge her to try again. Don't always jump in to help; it's essential that she have enough time to master tasks on her own, at her own pace. Try not to pressure her before she's ready, either. And be flexible: If allowing her to prepare her own breakfast means you'll have to sweep cereal off the floor, go with the flow.
What to watch out for
Children develop skills differently, some more quickly than others, but if your child hasn't shown interest in doing anything for herself by the time she's 2, or if she seems incapable of handling the most basic tasks such as feeding herself with utensils, talk to her pediatrician.
What's ahead
Advances in self-care skills come fast and furious during the preschool years. Most kids have mastered the basics of self-care — dressing, washing their hands, feeding themselves, and going to the bathroom (but not necessarily wiping!) — by their fourth birthday. As the months and years roll by, your child will get better and better at meeting her own needs. You'll blink, a few years will go by, and she'll be able to tie her shoes and shower or bathe by herself. Then it's just a matter of time until she can do laundry and cook dinner, not to mention drive herself to soccer practice. By then you'll be wishing she'd let you baby her once in a while, but her refusal to give up her autonomy will be a testament to your success in teaching her to care for herself

 

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翻译官

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谢谢亲爱的。一起学习

引用  summer轩回复道:
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 这真是一篇好文章,必须顶上去

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   很有帮助呢

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支持哦。

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